Hammond, P. E. In sociology, the process by which a society moves away from a religious framework or foundation is known as secularization. We have gained knowledge of how religion and religiosity are connected to insecurity, education, socialization, secular transition, secular competition, pluralism, and regulation. Secularization is defined as the way in which religion is losing its importance in modern societies. Secularization is sometimes credited both to the cultural shifts in society following the emergence of rationality and the development of science as a substitute for superstition—Max Weber called this process the "disenchantment of the world"—and to the changes made by religious institutions to compensate. THE SECULARIZATION PARADIGM 399 first proposed by Tonnies). Secularization means to “separate something from religious or spiritual connection and make it worldly or unspiritual.” In other words, secularization is the process of removing religious and moral influence from our society. Secularization: A process whereby a society becomes secular. Secularization is the declining social significance of religion in society.. A secularized society is one that will show a decline in the interest in religion. After the 1648 Treaty of Westphalia ended the European wars of religion, secularization was used to describe the trans-fer of territories held by the church to the control of political authorities. The idea of secularization suggests that religion is becoming less prominent in society and its institutions less influential in the lives of individuals. Causes There is a strong connection between secularization of education systems and the fall in christianity. The reason that this is an important argument is because the United States is a secular society, which means that the social structure is not based on or tied to any one particular religion. Rationalization manifests itself primarily as a transformation of social control, which loses its moral Secularization is a controversial form of social change in modern day society. The objective of the seminar was to offer a critical reflection on the internal and external causes of the process of secularization and dechristianization in the Catholic Church and its social surroundings. This has led to a better understanding of the causes and the form of the secularization process. One does not often judge the teachings of a religion by the conduct of the people who do not live up to them. Secularization is a concept derived from a Latin word meaning “the present age,” the term is generally associated with modern, technologically, and advanced societies. Sep 16, 2014. by Beth Griffin, Catholic News Service. Desecularization can also occur through providential acts of God and in reaction to God granting Christian's prayers. A simple definition of secularization is the declining importance of religion in a society. Western society may be first, but others will soon follow.” This story, sometimes called the secularization thesis, was widely accepted by most scholars a few decades ago. Recent accounts of secularization open the way for more nuanced and empirical research of the declining role of religion in society vis-à-vis other systems (political and economic), the role of religion in individual lives (beliefs, practices and values) and the re-assertion of religion in political life. Tim Lynch is a lecturer in the Department of Philosophy at The Queen's University .of Belfast. A secularized society will focus on nature and science in a way that can bring great benefit to humankind. 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